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Secondnature Training & FAQs

TIPS FOR GETTING STARTED

STEP 1: Introduce the secondnature Dog Litter first.

STEP 2: Introduction of the Dog Litter Pan.

STEP 3: Removal of secondnature Dog Litter from the ground.

STEP 4: Moving the Litter Pan towards its final destination.

STEP 5: Moving the secondnature Dog Litter Housetraining System indoors.

STEP 6: Maintaining reliable litter pan behavior with the secondnature Housetraining system.

GENERAL TRAINING

TRAINING FROM PUPPY PADS/PAPER

PUPPY EATING LITTER

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

TIPS FOR TRAINING ADULT DOG TO Purina® secondnature brand Dog Litter:

    • In order for your pet to understand completely what you are requesting of him, we recommend moving from one step to another only at your dog's pace. It is very important that your pet is exhibiting 100% reliable elimination behavior for at least two full days, if not more, before you move on to the next step.
    • It is highly unlikely that your pet has ever come in contact with any materials similar to our non-toxic secondnature brand Dog Litter. Therefore, we recommend you play a supervisory role when first introducing the product to him.
    • Investigative behavior is a very normal canine behavior, which allows a dog or puppy the opportunity to investigate new things that have been placed within his immediate environments for the first time. Your pet may mouth, smell or even choose to put the Dog Litter in his mouth when he first comes into contact with it. As with any other item which will be "off limits" within your household to chew on, follow these tips for distracting your pet immediately with a low tome of voice. Use a command which will distract him, one such as "Ahh!" When he stops and looks up, quickly redirect his attention to you by telling him to "COME." When he does, praise him immediately for the correct behavior.
    • A dog crate. An appropriate sized crate will allow your dog ample room to stand up, turn around and lie down comfortably. Anything smaller would be cruel and anything larger will defeat the purpose of the crate, as he may soil in one end and lie in the other. Dogs are den animals. A den is used in the wild to raise pups, sleep and eat. Mom will begin pushing pups outside of the den to eliminate as soon as they have use of their motor skills. Given a choice, dogs being den animals themselves have a natural den when you use a crate. Crating, when incorporated with regularly scheduled visits for elimination (litter pan) will help teach your dog where he is supposed to eliminate and when. If your dog does not eliminate during one of his regularly scheduled visits to the litter pan, you will have to return him to his crate or supervise him carefully (we don't want accidents). Schedule another visit to the pan approximately 30 minutes later. If you have to leave for work and your dog has not eliminated, enlist the help of a neighbor or friend while housetraining. Leaving a puppy or a dog crated longer than they can physically control their bladder or bowel is cruel. Like any other trained behavior, elimination control is learned gradually with your help.
    • Always have treats in hand and be ready to reward him for a job well done. Incorporating a verbal command such as "Go Potty" or "Hurry Up" will definitely be of use later in his training. Repeat the command several times as you allow the dog to circle his area. When he begins to sniff the ground or circle, praise him and when he eliminates, praise and offer him a treat. Always keep this area clean. Dog's have a keen sense of smell and need only to smell this area briefly in order to identify this as the appropriate place to eliminate.

STEP 1: Introduce the secondnature Dog Litter first.

    • Once your dog is eliminating consistently within his outdoor location, place a small amount of the secondnature Dog Litter in the area within your yard where your dog prefers to eliminate. You are introducing the dog to the smell and feel of the Dog Litter during this step. It may be helpful to place a very small amount of your dog's urine or fecal matter within this specific location as an additional "cue." Urine may be soaked up with a paper towel and then placed just beneath the Dog Litter.
    • Be prepared to distract unwanted chewing behavior of the Dog Litter and redirect this behavior to an appropriate behavior as we explained previously.
    • Over the next few days, based on your dog's continued success, continue to gradually add more secondnature Dog Litter to this particular area until the entire area is covered. The depth need not exceed one inch. The only change to your dog's immediate environment has been the introduction of the Dog Litter. When your dog's elimination behavior is 100% reliable for at least 2 days, if not more, you may precede with the next step.

STEP 2: Introduction of the Dog Litter Pan.

    • Now place the litter pan, with approximately 2-3 inches of Dog Litter inside it within the elimination area in your yard. Continue to have some Dog Litter on the yard as well as the pan at this time to ensure that your dog continues to eliminate on the Dog Litter. When your dog interacts with the pan do not forget to praise him, because the behavior we want at this time is for him to enter and eliminate in the pan.
    • The only thing you have changed in your pet's environment is how you present the Dog Litter; however, at this point he still has a choice to use the yard or the pan. What he eliminates on has not changed at this point. Make sure that the pan is in the same location each time your bring your dog to it. Whether you leave the pan out all of the time or not is up to you. Do not confuse your dog by moving the pan around in front of him. Be sure to have the Litter pan set up outside before you bring your dog outside.
    • It may be helpful to place a very small amount of your dog's urine or fecal matter within his Dog Litter pan outside as an additional "cue." Urine may be soaked up with a paper towel and then placed just beneath the Dog Litter.
    • Praise is very important, as your dog needs encouragement to know he is pleasing you. Make sure you provide him with that praise as he eliminates on the Dog Litter.
    • When your dog's elimination behavior is 100% reliable for at least 2 days, if not more, you may precede with the next step.

STEP 3: Removal of secondnature Dog Litter from the ground.

    • Now that your dog is successfully eliminating on secondnature Dog Litter within his litter pan outdoors, you may remove all of the Dog Litter which has been on the ground. At this point in training, you are removing a "choice" and asking the dog to "target" the Litter Pan only. The only change you have made within his environment is the removal of the secondnature Dog Litter from the ground.
    • Again, praise is very important especially if you notice your dog expressing a look of bewilderment; move to the next step only if your dog's behavior is 100% reliable for at least 2 full days, if not more, you may proceed with the next step.

STEP 4: Moving the Litter Pan towards its final destination.

    • If you have been using any type of containment fencing surrounding the litter pan, you may remove it at this time. Supervision of your dog and the Dog Litter System is still recommended in order to achieve pan reliability.
    • The key to a successful move at this stage of the training is gradual movement of the litter pan. If you move the pan from one location to another too quickly, you may confuse your dog and his training may be compromised.
    • Move the pan from one location to another only as quickly as your dog dictates within his pan reliability. For example, if your dog is doing very well, you might be able to move the pan towards the house a little bit every time you take him outdoors to eliminate. All you are changing at this stage of training is the location of the litter pan itself. When you reach the stage in training to move into your home proceed with the next step.

STEP 5: Moving the secondnature Dog Litter Housetraining System indoors.

    • At this stage of training you could confuse your dog if you try to move him indoors too quickly. Make sure your dog is eliminating 100% in his Litter pan before you try bringing the system inside your home. You may want to plan on placing the pan on your porch or right outside of the back door first. Allow your dog to continue to eliminate here as an opportunity to strengthen his behavior before the next step.
    • Select an area for the pan just inside of the doorway you have been exiting. Once inside and success has been achieved you may move the litter pan indoors just as you did from the yard to the house. Remember that gradual location changes are best suited in an effort to maintain the training you have achieved with your dog at this stage. Incorporate your dog's elimination command and praise into every interaction, possible.

STEP 6: Maintaining reliable litter pan behavior with the secondnature Housetraining system.

    • Continue to praise and reward desirable behavior at every opportunity. this type of interaction will serve to reinforce and strengthen the training you and your pet have been working together to achieve.
    • Now that you are well on your way to sharing your home with a pet whom has reliable elimination behavior, you will probably want to begin giving him a litter more freedom to investigate your home. Freedom within your home is best introduced when you continue to play a supervisory role. How is he to know what is appropriate behavior and what is not if you do not provide guidance. You dog can and should earn more freedom within your home gradually, based on his "good" behavior. A word of caution, giving dogs too much freedom too quickly can result in unreliable pan use.
    • Always make sure your pet has easy access to his secondnature brand Housetraining System to ensure his continued success with his Dog Litter training.

GENERAL TRAINING

    • It is a matter of training his digestive track for a period of time while doing the training and confining him to a small enough are that he knows exactly where the litter pan is. When you see him looking for a place to go, you need to take him to the litter pan and give a command like "Go Potty". When he does, praise him and possibly give him a small treat so that he will want to continue this behavior. I suggest you try training over a period of time like a weekend when you can concentrate on the training for a long period of time. It can take as little as two or three days.

TRAINING FROM PUPPY PADS/PAPER

    • If your dog was trained on puppy pads, we would recommend to place the puppy pads on top of the Purina secondnature brand Dog Litter so that it totally covers up the dog litter. This will help your dog get used to the different feel of the dog litter on his paws. Once your dog seems to be using the litter pan and adjusting to the feel of the litter, gradually remove the puppy pads so that it will uncover a portion of the litter. Continue this process throughout the following days or weeks until your dog feels comfortable with standing on the litter alone.
    • If your dog is currently paper trained, we would recommend to cover the litter in the litter pan with the paper the dog is using. This will help your dog get used to the feel of the litter under his feet. Gradually everyday, pull back some of the paper to reveal the litter. Your dog may start to eat or chew the litter pellets. This is normal. He is just curious. If you catch him doing that, simply get his attention and then give him an appropriate chew toy. The litter is made from recycled newspaper and wood pulp. It is not toxic in any way.
    • It is a matter of training his digestive track for a period of time while doing the training and confining him to a small enough are that he knows exactly where the litter pan is. When you see him looking for a place to go, you need to take him to the litter pan and give a command like "Go Potty". When he does, praise him and possibly give him a small treat so that he will want to continue this behavior.

PUPPY EATING LITTER

    • Purina secondnature brand Dog Litter is non-toxic and not harmful is ingested. Your puppy may try to ingest some of the litter to investigate. This may also be a sign that your puppy needs a more stimulating environment. We would recommend to rotate your puppies toys every three days and to teach your puppy to play with them. The litter is made from recycled newspaper and wood pulp. It is not toxic in any way.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Q: How to train a puppy?

Q: Can you train an adult dog?

Q: Can dog still go outside?

Q: How to stop from chewing/playing with litter? Will it hurt him?

Q: Puppy is going everywhere in the house. What do I do?

Q: Help! My puppy is going outside the pan. What should I do?

Q: How does this product work?

Q: Older dog is having accidents. Do you think I can train him to use litter?

Q: Dog is currently paper-trained, how can I get him to use the litter?

Q: I have two dogs. Can they both use one pan?

Q: Does your litter have ink on the paper? If the litter is made of newspapers, I would think the ink from the newspapers could be very harmful to dogs?

Q: Is the litter sold outside the U.S., i.e., Puerto Rico?

Q: I have a "small" dog and using a "large" crate to confine him during the day......would it be okay to place the litter pan inside the crate?

 

Q: How to train a puppy?

    • A: Dog litter training a puppy is not unlike house training, with the exception of taking the puppy to the litter pan rather than outside.
    • Housetraining is one the most important training efforts you'll ever make, but it does not have to be difficult. Purina's behaviorists recommend a five-step approach.
    • First is to establish a routine. The first thing every morning and the last thing every night, take your puppy to the litter pan. Feed her at the same time every day and take her to the litter pan as soon after a meal as possible, usually within fifteen minutes. During housetraining when you're with your puppy, take her to the litter pan every hour. While fresh drinking water should be available at all times, you may want to time a very young puppy's drinks to just prior to her scheduled hourly potty breaks.
    • Second, until she is trained keep a constant eye on your puppy. During housetraining, the only time your puppy should have the run of the house is when you are there to watch her.
    • Third, is to crate-train your puppy. Puppies instinctively want to keep their sleeping space clean. Make the crate a happy place for your puppy. Encourage her to go into the crate by tossing a toy or kibble of food inside while commanding, "kennel". Once inside, praise her and close the door. After a moment, let your puppy back out of the crate. Repeat the exercise, gradually extending her time inside.
    • Use the crate as a bed and as a safe place for your puppy whenever you are gone or cannot watch her. Try not to make a big deal out of opening the door to let her out; you want your puppy to know that praise follows the command to go inside the crate. When taking your puppy out of her crate during the first few weeks of the housebreaking period, put a leash on her and walk to her designated potty place as quickly as possible. This will lessen the chance of an accident.
    • As a general rule, your puppy can safely be left in her crate the number of hours that equal her age in months plus one.
    • Fourth is designating a potty area. Let your puppy know where she should go potty by taking her to the litter pan. Do this by consistently taking her to the litter pan and commanding "Go potty". When she does have an accident, wipe it up and put the rag of paper towel in the litter pan. The scent will help clue her in to your command. When she does potty in the proper place, reward your puppy with lavish praise and lots of petting. To avoid initial confusion, give your puppy the opportunity to eliminate in her pan before taking her outdoors for exercise or walks.
    • Fifth is to correct your puppy's mistakes only when you catch her in the act. With a firm "NO!" pick up your puppy and take her to the litter pan. A puppy is a baby and you must expect some accidents. It's not her fault. Be patient. Clean up the area with an odor neutralizer to prevent further soiling in that place.
    • Should your puppy continue to have problems with urinating, we would recommend that you continue to work with your veterinarian.

Q: Can you train an adult dog?

    • A: Yes, you can train older puppies and adult dogs to successfully learn to use the secondnature brand Dog Litter Housetraining System. You would use the same techniques for training an adult dog as you would a puppy. Because a schedule is probably in place and the owner is able to anticipate when the dog will need to eliminate, it should make it easier to know when to take the dog to the litter pan. The same basics of training apply to training an adult dog as a puppy.

Q: Can dog still go outside?

    • A: In-home studies has determined that almost all dogs have adapted well to using both the inside litter pan and the outdoors without any loss of housetraining behavior. However, while training to use the secondnature dog litter training system, we would not recommend taking the dog outside. Once the dog is consistently using the litter system, then you can incorporate eliminating indoors with outdoors.

Q: How to stop from chewing/playing with litter? Will it hurt him?

    • A: The secondnature brand Dog Litter is made of recycled newspaper and wood pulp. Please know that there is nothing in this product that would be harmful if a dog ate it.
    • Always fill your dog's litter pan with secondnature Dog Litter in his absence. The sound of the Dog Litter hitting the pan may sound like the familiar sound of his favorite food kibble hitting his dish, and we do not want to confuse him about the purpose for which his Dog Litter is there.
    • Chances are your dog has never seen anything that resembles the shape of secondnature; it is only natural that he should want to investigate it. Some smelling and tasting should be permitted, but if he grabs the litter in his mouth, redirect this behavior much like you would if he just grabbed your sock or shoe by taking the object and substituting the litter with an appropriate chew item.
    • Remember, investigative behavior is normal for a puppy or dog in new surroundings. Always provide your dog with appropriate chew toys while you are away and make sure you interact with him as much as possible when you are home.

Q: Puppy is going everywhere in the house. What do I do?

    • A: Confining the puppy to a small area is key to training, regardless of where the puppy is being trained to eliminate. When you confine the puppy, you reduce the choices of places where the puppy will go. Once the puppy is consistently using the litter system, then you can expand the confined area very gradually giving the puppy more and more freedom. You always want to make sure, as you are expanding the area, which the puppy is continuing to go back to the litter pan for elimination.

Q: Help! My puppy is going outside the pan. What should I do?

    • A: If you catch your dog in the act, in order to STOP the unwanted behavior - Use a low tone in combination with a distracting vocal cue like "AHHH!" to startle and distract your dog. If you are reacting in a loud, over excited state, the dog will not be able to relax and finish eliminating. (You will need to remain calm and directive like you are in control over the situation.)
    • Nudge the dog into the pan. Then use the elimination command such as "Go Potty", wait, and offer encouragement by softly reassuring dog "goooood boy, go potty."
    • If dog does eliminate, praise him softly, encourage a few more times if he does not eliminate immediately. Release him from the pan.
    • If he does not eliminate, he will have to be supervised more carefully in the future.
    • Make sure you are being calm and positive in regards to this whole situation because your dog will be very observant to your behavior. Body language, tone of voice and facial expressions can all be used for training cues.
    • If you have access to the Internet, please visit our web site at www.doglitter.com for more information about training.

Q: How does this product work?

    • A: The highly absorbent litter material is made from paper and wood pulp products. secondnature™ brand Dog Litter has unique properties, which actually absorb moisture from the bottom up, meaning that your dog's liquid waste will go to the bottom of the pan and then be drawn up through the litter.

Q: Older dog is having accidents. Do you think I can train him to use litter?

    • A: We believe that any dog can be trained to use the secondnature brand Dog Litter. Please know that it will take commitment on your part to confine the animals and monitor their feeding and water intake so that there is a routine schedule for taking the dog to the pan. This will ensure that the dog understands the appropriate place to eliminate.
    • The key is to anticipate when the dog is going to have to go and take him to the pan. If you catch him in action, then there is a good possibility he will not finish when put in the pan. You might want to collect some of the urine from accidents on a piece of paper towel and put that under
    • the litter as well as putting fecal matter in the pan so the dog gets the idea this is where that belongs.
    • Also, if you confine to a small area with just the dog's crate, litter pan and food and water during meals, the dog will be limited in the areas where accidents can occur. If you have access to the Internet, please visit our web site at www.doglitter.com for more information about training.

Q: Dog is currently paper-trained, how can I get him to use the litter?

    • A: If your dog is currently paper (or potty pad) trained you can begin by putting that in the litter pan to allow the dog to get used to going in and out of the litter pan. Then gradually begin to put the litter under the material so the dog can adjust to the feel under their feet. Eventually you will want to cut away a portion of the original material and replace it with the dog litter. Once your dog is using the dog litter, then you can remove the old material entirely.

Q: I have two dogs. Can they both use one pan?

    • A: Yes, if you have two dogs they can both use the same pan as long as they get along well with one another. One way to guarantee reliable pan use is to train each puppy to use an individual pan, and then remove one of the pans once they are both completely trained. Bear in mind that when two dogs are using the same pan, you will have to make an extra effort to keep the pan clean!

Q: Does your litter have ink on the paper? If the litter is made of newspapers, I would think the ink from the newspapers could be very harmful to dogs?

    • A: Newspaper does contain ink. However, the inks used in newspaper and magazines are mainly soy based and any residual solvents are flashed off during the printing process. Our pelletizing process physically removes any "free" ink from the paper during the sizing procedure. The pellets are under high pressure and heat preventing any inks from bleeding onto carpets or cats paws. A pellet can be dropped into a glass of water and the ink will not bleed. (per Ron Lewis)

Q: Is the litter sold outside the U.S., i.e., Puerto Rico?

    • A: No just the U.S. (per Brand 12/03)

Q: I have a "small" dog and using a "large" crate to confine him during the day......would it be okay to place the litter pan inside the crate?

    • A: While we do not recommend placing our litter pan inside crates.....yes, it would be okay to place the litter pan inside an "Extra-Large Crate or Enclosure". However, you must make sure the dog has enough room to lay down and play 2-3 feet away from the litter pan. (per Ron Lewis - 7/04)